JIN JU FENG

Isipiliyoni Sokukhiqiza Seminyaka eyi-16

Kuzokwethulwa inguqulo entsha yezinyathelo zokuqalisa zokushintshwa kwamandla embonini yensimbi nensimbi

Intatheli ye- “Economic Information Daily” ithole ukuthi uhlobo olusha lwe- “Implementation Measures for Capacity Replacement in the Iron and Steel Industry” seluqede izigaba zokucela imibono nokubuyekezwa, futhi njengamanje lilandela inqubo yokugcina. Lokhu kusho ukuthi selokhu umsebenzi wamandla wokukhiqiza insimbi wezwe lami kanye nokufayilwa kwamaphrojekthi kumisiwe unyaka owodwa nohhafu kusukela ekuqaleni konyaka we-2020, ukuphindiselwa kwamandla okukhiqiza insimbi kuzoqala futhi.

Umuntu onegunya uthe okunye ukungqubuzana okujulile embonini yensimbi akukakasonjululwa ngokuyisisekelo. Ukushintshwa kwamandla kuyindlela ebalulekile yokufeza inhlanganisela ephilayo yokwenqatshelwa kwamandla amasha nokulungiswa kwesakhiwo. Izosiza izwe lami ukuthi lisebenzise umjikelezo omusha we "de-capacity", liqondise izinkampani zensimbi zezwe lami ekwandiseni ukuthunyelwa kwamandla futhi zilungise ukwakheka kwesifunda.

UWen Gang, usekela mqondisi we-Iron and Steel Division woMnyango Wezinto Ezingahluziwe eMnyangweni Wezimboni Nolwazi Lwezobuchwepheshe, uthe ngesikhathi sokuqala kweBeibu Gulf Iron and Steel Development Forum ngo-2021 ukuthi yize isimo esikhona manje sentuthuko embonini yensimbi sijabulisa , futhi kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi imboni yensimbi ine-dislocation enkulu yamandla okukhiqiza kanye nokukhipha, futhi isisekelo sokwehliswa kwamandla asiqinile. , Ingxenye yokungeniswa kwensimbi engenayo inkulu kakhulu, njll., Futhi ukuphepha kwezimboni kusengcupheni. Ngasikhathi sinye, kusenokuphikisana okujule kakhulu nezinkinga ezifana nezikhala phakathi kokuthuthukiswa kwamabhizinisi nezidingo zentuthuko ezisezingeni eliphakeme, ngakho-ke asikwazi ukuba nethemba elingaboni.

Inqubomgomo entsha yokushintshwa komthamo wokukhiqiza wensimbi ihlose ukugcina ngokuqinile umugqa obomvu wokungangezi umthamo omusha wokukhiqiza. UWen Gang uthe isilinganiso sokushintshwa kwenani lokukhiqizwa kwensimbi sizoba nzima kakhulu. Izinyathelo ezibuyekeziwe zokuqalisa ukusebenza komkhiqizo zizokwandisa kakhulu isilinganiso sokushintshwa, zikhulise izindawo ezibucayi, futhi ziqhubeke nokwandisa imikhawulo ebangeni lokwakhiwa kabusha nokwandiswa kwezindawo ezithile. Kepha ngasikhathi sinye, ukuze kukhuthazwe amabhizinisi ukuthi akhuthaze kakhulu ukuhlanganiswa nokuhlelwa kabusha, ukuthuthukiswa okuhlelekile, ukwakhiwa kwesithando sikagesi, nokuhlola ukwakhiwa kobuchwepheshe bekhabhoni ephansi, izinyathelo zokuqaliswa zisinciphisa ngokufanele isilinganiso sokufakwa esikhundleni, okukhombisa izinqubomgomo zokuxhasa ezihlukanisiwe.

“Ukukhuphula isilinganiso somthamo wokukhiqiza ukukhiqiza ukunciphisa intuthuko engemuva. Ukubekwa kwesilinganiso sokufakwa kwamandla okukhiqiza kumele kuqinisekise ukuthi ngemuva kokuthi iphrojekthi isetshenzisiwe, amandla wokukhiqiza angalawulwa ngempumelelo, futhi ngeke kube khona ukwehliswa kwamandla amancane kanye nokwenyuka komkhiqizo uqobo. ” Abangaphakathi bathi.

Umuntu othintekayo uthe ngokwenziwa ngcono kobudlelwano bokufunwa kwempahla embonini yensimbi, intengo yensimbi inyukile, futhi inzuzo yebhizinisi ithuthukile. Kwezinye izindawo, ukuheha ngamehlo engqondo utshalomali nokungazinaki izimo, umfutho wokuqalisa ngokushesha amaphrojekthi wokuncibilikisa insimbi. Izinqubo zokuphathwa kwamaphrojekthi zibeka ukuthi kunokungaqondi "kokungena esitimeleni kuqala bese uthenga ithikithi", okushiya imboni yensimbi isengcupheni yokweqisa ngokweqile ngezinga elithile.

Ngalesi sizathu, izindlela zokuqalisa zicacile, futhi akuvunyelwe nakancane ukukhulisa inani eliphelele lokukhiqiza insimbi ezindaweni ezibalulekile zokuvimbela nokulawula ukungcoliswa komoya. Izifundazwe (izifunda ezizimele, omasipala) ezingakaqedi inani eliphelele lokulawulwa kokukhiqizwa kwensimbi ngeke zamukele umthamo wensimbi okhiqizwe kusuka kwezinye izifunda. Isifunda i-Yangtze River Economic Belt esifundeni sinqabela amaphrojekthi amasha noma anwetshiwe okuncibilikisa insimbi ngaphandle kwendawo yokuthobela.

Ngasikhathi sinye, uWen Gang uveze ukuthi kulo nyaka bazosebenzisana ngentshiseko neKhomishini Yezentuthuko Nezinguquko kanye neminye iminyango efanelekile ukuhlela ukuhlela "ukubheka emuva" kokuncishiswa kwensimbi nokwehliswa kokukhishwa kwensimbi engahluziwe, futhi kuqondiswe izinkampani zensimbi ukuthi zilahle indlela ebanzi yentuthuko yokuwina ngobuningi, futhi iqinise ngempumelelo ukusebenza kokuncipha komthamo. .

Ngaphambi kwalokhu, iNational Development and Reform Commission kanye noMnyango Wezezimboni Nobuchwepheshe Bolwazi benza amalungiselelo "okubheka emuva" ekwehlisweni kwenani lensimbi ngo-2021 nokwehliswa kokukhishwa kwensimbi ekrwada. Iminyango emibili kanye namakhomishini azogxila ekuhloleni ukuvalwa kanye nokuhoxiswa kwemishini yokuncibilikisa ethintekayo ekuxazululeni umthamo okhiqizayo wensimbi okweqile nokulwa “nensimbi yendawo”. Ngasikhathi sinye, ukucatshangelwa okuphelele kokuphakama kwekhabhoni, ukungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni nezindawo ezibhekiswe esikhathini eside, kugxile ekwehliseni ukukhishwa kwensimbi ongahluziwe ezinkampanini ezinokungasebenzi kahle kwemvelo, ukusetshenziswa kwamandla amaningi, kanye namazinga wemishini yezobuchwepheshe emuva, ukugwema "usayizi owodwa ofanayo konke ”, nokuqinisekisa ukuthi insimbi yezwe engahluziwe izotholakala ngonyaka ka-2021. Umphumela wehla unyaka nonyaka.

UZhang Longqiang, umongameli weMetallurgical Industry Information Standards Research Institute, uthe ezindaweni, kuyadingeka ukuthi kusebenze ngokuqinile izindlela zokufaka esikhundleni somthamo, kwandiswe inani lokufakwa esikhundleni senqubo ende, kuphoqelelwe ngokuqinile imithethonqubo evimbela amandla amasha okukhiqiza insimbi, futhi kuphenywe kanzima futhi ubhekane nokwephulwa kwemithetho nezimiso. Ngasikhathi sinye, ngokwengeza ngokwesayensi ukusatshalaliswa kwamandla okukhiqiza, isimangaliso se- "North-South Transport of Steel" sizoguqulwa ngempumelelo. Uphakamise ukuthi esifundeni saseBeijing-Tianjin-Hebei, kufanele kuncishiswe amandla okukhiqiza insimbi ende; gxila eBeijing-Tianjin-Hebei nezindawo ezizungezile, iYangtze River Delta, nezinye izindawo ezinamandla amakhulu okukhiqiza isikhathi eside nezindawo zemvelo ezisemqoka, nokuhlelwa okunengqondo nokwakhiwa kwensimbi yenqubo emfushane.

U-Luo Tiejun, usekela sihlalo we-China Iron and Steel Association, uveze ukuthi ukukhula okuqhubekayo kokukhiqizwa kwensimbi kwezwe lami okuqhutshwa yimfuno kusekele ngempumelelo ukuthuthukiswa komnotho wezwe. Kodwa-ke, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ngokuguqulwa kwesakhiwo sokukhula komnotho wezwe lami, isimo "esingajwayelekile" sokusetshenziswa kwensimbi ngonyaka odlule nesikhathi samanje kunzima ukusigcina.

U-Luo Tiejun uphakamise ukuthi umkhawulo wokukhiqiza kumele ugcinwe unengcindezi, futhi abukho "ubukhulu obulingana bonke". Kufanele sigxile ekunciphiseni ukukhishwa kokungezwa okusha okungekho emthethweni kanye namaphrojekthi wokufaka amandla angajwayelekile kusukela ngo-2016; ukunciphisa umkhawulo wokukhishwa kokuvikelwa kwemvelo okungekuhle namabhizinisi angajwayelekile; kunciphisa ukukhishwa kwensimbi yengulube ukukhawulela ukukhishwa kwensimbi engahluziwe. Kumabhizinisi afinyelela ukukhishwa okuphezulu kwe-A-level kanye ne-electric furnace-process process, kufanele kube nemikhawulo emincane noma engekho, kepha wabuye wathi lokho okuthiwa akunamkhawulo akukhiqizi umthwalo ogcwele, futhi umphumela la mabhizinisi akufanele futhi enyuke unyaka nonyaka.


Isikhathi Iposi: May-10-2021